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The Stages of Gum Disease

Gum disease affects nearly 50% of American adults and is one of the leading causes of tooth loss. This progressive disease begins as a mild inflammation, but can cause permanent damage to tissues and bone if not treated. Knowing the stages of gum disease and how they affect your oral health can help you to take steps to seek periodontal treatment before permanent damage is done. If you have any questions or concerns about your gum health, contact a dentist specializing in periodontology near Naples to schedule a dental checkup.

Gingivitis Gum Disease Naples
The first and least severe stage of gum disease is gingivitis. This stage is marked by general inflammation and tenderness of the gums. Your gums may also bleed when you floss or brush your teeth. Gingivitis does not cause permanent tissue damage and can be treated easily with a thorough dental cleaning at your dentist's office. However, if left untreated, gingivitis can progress into the next, more severe stage of gum disease.

Periodontitis
The second stage of gum disease is called periodontitis. Periodontitis begins to cause permanent damage to the fibers holding your teeth in place in the gums and jaws. The most noticeable symptom of periodontitis is the recession of your gums from around the base of the teeth. Professional periodontal treatment is needed to stop the progression of gum disease and prevent further damage to your teeth and gums.

Advanced Periodontitis
The final and most severe stage of gum disease is called advanced periodontitis. During advanced periodontitis, the bone of your jaw is permanently damaged, causing the teeth to become loose, shift in place, and even fall out. The appearance of your smile and the way your teeth fit together when you bite down may be affected. Aggressive periodontal treatment is needed to stop the infection and prevent any additional bone damage or tooth loss.

It's important to monitor the health of your gums and seek periodontal treatment at the first signs of gum disease. Proper treatment and regular dental checkups can ensure your gums and teeth remain healthy for years to come.

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